Greenhouse gas emissions in Finland are at the lowest level since 1990, according to data from Statistics Finland. Preliminary total greenhouse gas emissions in 2012 amounted to 61.4 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, which is about 8% less than in 2011. The energy sector's emissions diminished by about 9% mainly due to reduced consumption of coal and peat and increased net imports of electricity.
In 2012, Finland’s emissions coming under the emissions trading scheme decreased by a total of around 16% from the previous year. In sectors outside the emissions trading scheme, such as the use of fuel for transport and for heating buildings, and in agriculture and waste management, the reduction in emissions only amounted to about 1%.
On the path to Kyoto
According to Statistics Finland, greenhouse gas emissions from Finland’s waste management and solvents and other products use have been falling steadily since 1990. Emissions from agriculture have remained at almost the same level since 1992.
Emissions from industry increased significantly during the period 1992–2008 but have experienced a rapid decline since then. In the energy sector emissions increased until 2003 but have subsequently been on a downward trend.
According to an estimate by the Finnish publication Tekniikka & Talous, Finland’s total greenhouse gas emissions in 2012 were almost 5% lower than required by the Kyoto protocol.
Sources: Statistics Finland, Tekniikka & Talous