The new ultrafast C-Lion1 subsea cable provides direct connection to Germany and potential for a new high-capacity network connection between eastern and western Europe. The planned submarine cable along the Northeast passage extends this low-latency reach of markets all the way to Fareast Asia.
Owing to the investments made in the national telecommunication networks over the past decades, the coverage of fiber optic connectivity in Finland is nationwide, there are multiple independent service providers in the market, and the networks are overall in very good technical condition. More importantly, the state-of-the-art domestic fiber networks are well connected to global networks. The telecommunication connections to other Nordic countries and Russia are abundant with plenty of free capacity for expansion of traffic. Furthermore, the brand-new fiber optic submarine cable direct from Finland to Germany provides a high-capacity, cyber-secure, and extremely low-latency (‘C-Lion1’) backbone connection to Central Europe as well as an ultra-fast gateway between Asia and central Europe.
Digital Super-Highway to Central Europe
C-Lion1, the new direct submarine cable from Helsinki to Rostock, not only connects data centers in Northern Europe with the Central European markets, but also offers a low-latency route between Europe and Asia. The technical measurements carried out on the C-Lion1 system demonstrated that with the help of Nokia (Alcatel-Lucent).
Submarine Networks’ unique technology, a record-breaking capacity of 18 Tbit/s and 14.2 ms round trip delay per fiber pair is achievable. The cable system houses 8 fiber pairs and, thus, the cable system can provide an ultimate capacity of 144 Tbit/s. This connection is well capable of handling the increased connectivity requirements driven by cloud computing, big data and digitalization now and in the near future. Linking the busiest internet backbone nodes in Central Europe with Cinia’s existing state-of-the-art domestic fiber network in Finland, the new cable enables the world’s fastest and safest data connections to global networks and bypasses the need to send data through the jurisdiction of the Scandinavian countries. The C-Lion1 also offers the potential for further connections to the Baltics, UK, Benelux, France, Eastern Europe and Russia.
Gateway between Europe and Asia
Today the connectivity from Europe to the North American continent is in good condition owing to the many fiber optic connections between the US and Europe, but the increasing data flow between Europe and Asia requires connectivity improvement. In 2015 Telegeography estimated that the growth of direct traffic flows between Europe and Asia will increase by 278 % within the next 5 years. Today vast majority of data between Europe and Asia flow around continental Europe (in Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea), via Suez Canal to the Red Sea, to Arabian Sean, and onwards to the various costal landing points of Southern and Eastern parts of continental Asia. This path is, however, very low in latency and has multiple risk regions along its path from connection reliability and security pint of views. It is also therefore evident that the increasing data flow between Europe and Asia requires connectivity improvement.
The strategic location of Finland is highlighted in the much discussed arctic connect cable plan via the Northeast Passage. This is by far the shortest route from Europe to Northeast Asia, and Finland lies directly in its path. When comparing the distances along the two possible routes, the distance from Rotterdam, The Netherland to Yokohama, Japan, for example is 37% shorter along the Northeast Passage than along the route used today through the Suez Canal. The same reduction applies also to the latency of telecommunication.
For datacenter operators the advantages of locating in Finland are even greater. Owing to the C-Lion1, datacenters in Finland can well cater Central European markets (latency from Helsinki to Rostock is only 14.2 ms) but, at the same time, reach Northeast Asia in only about 120 ms (Tokyo in about 120 ms and Shanghai in about 145 ms).